The concept provides for a number of strategic initiatives including the pilot project on producing of low-carbon hydrogen, establishing consortiums in order to manufacture equipment and components for hydrogen production, and to develop hydrogen storage and transport infrastructure.
At least three regional hydrogen production clusters are to be set up in accordance with the concept. The North-Wetsren cluster is to specialize on hydrogen export to Europe and promoting carbon footprint reduction technologies for export oriented companies. The Eastern cluster will export hydrogen to the Asian Pacific region and develop hydrogen infrastructure. The Arctic cluster will be responsible for providing low-carbon electric power for the Russian Polar territories.
The document lists advanced technologies required to the industry development. Among them, in particular, is the production of hydrogen by steam methane reforming and coal gasification, carbon dioxide capture technologies, the creation of hydrogen power plants for transport, special filling stations, storing and transportation systems for liquefied hydrogen.
Federal support including special investment contracts, subsidies and compensation of R&D costs hydrogen industry will be available for the new hydrogen industry.
The concept envisages several stages. "At the first stage, which is scheduled to last three years and a half, the specialized clusters are to be established and pilot hydrogen production and export projects are to be launched. Also, hydrogen implementation in the domestic energy market is to start", Mishustin said in a meeting with RF Vice Premiers on August 9.
At later stages (till 2035 and till 2050) it is planned to set up large-scale export-oriented hydrogen production facilities and complete transition to hydrogen energy in various spheres from petrochemical industry to housing and utilities.
"The development of hydrogen energy will reduce the risks of losing energy markets, support economic growth through the formation of new industries and the creation of high-tech jobs, allow exporting products and technologies," the Prime Minister emphasized.